My Early Lesson on Racial Issues

My dad was a welder, and he would occasionally accumulate enough scrap iron to sell to a scrap metal dealer.  We would load the scrap iron onto the trailer and haul it to one of several nearby dealers.  I remember going to a particular man’s place when I was about eight years old.  His name was R. D. Nickols, and he was a good friend of my dad’s.  He was probably a little younger than my dad–a big strong man, and dark-complected, sort of like Dad.

When we were finished unloading the scrap iron, R. D. invited us into his house, and the two men drank coffee together.  As we sat there visiting, R. D. offered me a banana, which I was glad to accept.  I was kind of proud sitting there, eating my banana and being included in the conversation between the older men.  We visited a few minutes and then left.

When we got home, my dad asked me how I liked the banana, and I told him that it was good.  He asked me if it tasted like any other banana.  I assured him that it did, and I wondered what he was getting at.  He then asked me if I knew that R. D. was a black man.  I told him that I hadn’t realized that.  I just thought that he had a little deeper sun tan than we did.  Dad concluded that teaching moment by telling me that black people were no different than anyone else, bananas and all, and we should treat everyone the same.

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Days Off Your Life

A Recent study showed the impact of certain bad habits by estimating how many days those habits shave off your life.  It showed that smoking a pack of 20 cigarettes a day cuts ten years off your life.  Cocaine addicts lose up to 34 years, with each dose costing 5.6 hours.  Methadone users cut their lives by 38 years, and die at an average age of 41.  A heroin addiction will cut 42 years off a person’s life, killing them at age 38.  Lifetime methamphetamine users lose 42 years, each dose costing 11 hours.

Murder could be worse:  If a 70-year old is murdered, this cuts about 10 years off his life, but if a 10-year-old is murdered, this cuts some 70 years off his life.

The only thing worse that I can think of is abortion, which cuts 80 years of your someone else’s life.

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What is Newness of Life?

Romans 6:4 says that we can have newness of life through Christ.  I don’t think I’ve ever heard the term “newness” used other than in the Bible.  What exactly does it mean?

Read more…

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The Role of Government – From the Constitution and the Bible

Americans are blessed by God to live in a free republic with a government structured upon democratic principles at multiple levels, including local, state, and federal government bodies. We are privileged to be able to vote, elect our government representatives, and influence our decision-makers and lawmakers. Still, many Americans disagree on various public policies, so how can we discern when government should be involved, especially the federal government? For Christians, the ideal government would base its laws and policies upon God’s laws, and fortunately for Americans, history teaches that our founding fathers indeed structured our government upon biblical principles. However, have we strayed from God’s ideals as our government has evolved? Let’s examine the role of government, primarily the federal government, from a biblical and historical perspective.

Continue reading…

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Basic Bible Doctrine in 94 Lessons

Learn the fundamentals of basic Bible doctrine in  94 lessons.  You can choose to view the lessons in your browser, download them to Word, or download the MP3 files to listen to them on your PC or audio device.  Each of the 94 lessons is approximately 45 minutes long and is a part of one of the following categories:  salvation; pastors; believers; grace; spiritual gifts; giving; or, the Bible itself.

 Salvation Web Page  Word Document  Audio MP3
  1) Intro-01 How to Go to Heaven Intro-01 Word Intro-01 MP3
  2) BD01-01 Redemption (Purchase) BD01-01 Word BD01-01 MP3
  3) BD01-02 Expiation (Atonement) BD01-02 Word BD01-02 MP3
  4) BD02-01 Regeneration (New Birth) BD02-01 Word BD02-01 MP3
  5) BD02-02 Propitiation (Appeasement) BD02-02 Word BD02-02 MP3
  6) BD03-01 Imputation & Justification BD03-01 Word BD03-01 MP3
  7) BD03-02 Position in Christ BD03-02 Word BD03-02 MP3
  8) BD06-01 The Role of the Pastor-Teacher BD06-01 Word BD06-01 MP3
  9) BD06-02 The Ministry of the Pastor-Teacher BD06-02 Word BD06-02 MP3
10) BD07-01 The Purpose of the Pastor-Teacher Gift, #1 BD07-01 Word BD07-01 MP3 
11) BD07-02 The Purpose of the Pastor-Teacher Gift, #2 BD07-02 Word BD07-02 MP3
12) BD08-01 The Purpose of the Pastor-Teacher Gift, #3 BD08-01 Word BD08-01 MP3
13) BD08-02 The Purpose of the Pastor-Teacher Gift, #4 BD08-02 Word BD08-02 MP3
14) Intro-02 The Christian Life Intro-02 Word Intro-02 MP3
15) BD04-01 The Old Sin Nature in Salvation BD04-01 Word BD04-01 MP3
16) BD04-02 Forgiveness Through Confession of Sin BD04-02 Word BD04-02 MP3
17) BD05-01 The Neutralization of Confessed Sin BD05-01 Word BD05-01 MP3
18) BD05-02 Frustrating the Grace of God BD05-02 Word BD05-02 MP3
19) BD09-01 The Spiritual Maturity Structure BD09-01 Word BD09-01 MP3
20) BD09-02 Grace Orientation, #1 BD09-02 Word BD09-02 MP3
21) BD10-01 Grace Orientation, #2 BD10-01 Word BD10-01 MP3
22) BD10-02 Mastery of the Details of Life, #1 BD10-02 Word BD10-02 MP3
23) BD11-01 Mastery of the Details of Life, #2 BD11-01 Word BD11-01 MP3
24) BD11-02 Relaxed Mental Attitude, #1 BD11-02 Word BD11-02 MP3
25) BD12-01 Relaxed Mental Attitude, #2 BD12-01 Word BD12-01 MP3
26) BD12-02 Relaxed Mental Attitude, #3 BD12-02 Word BD12-02 MP3
27) BD13-01 Relaxed Mental Attitude, #4 BD13-01 Word BD13-01 MP3
28) BD13-02 Relaxed Mental Attitude, #5 BD13-02 Word BD13-02 MP3
29) BD14-01 The Capacity to Love, #1 BD14-01 Word BD14-01 MP3
30) BD14-02 The Capacity to Love, #2 BD14-02 Word BD14-02 MP3
31) BD15-01 The Capacity to Love, #3 BD15-01 Word BD15-01 MP3
32) BD15-02 The Capacity to Love, #4 BD15-02 Word BD15-02 MP3
33) BD16-01 Inner Happiness, #1 BD16-01 Word BD16-01 MP3
34) BD16-02 Inner Happiness, #2 BD16-02 Word BD16-02 MP3
35) BD17-01 Satan, the Enemy of Our Souls BD17-01 Word BD17-01 MP3
36) BD17-02 The Attack on the Woman BD17-02 Word BD17-02 MP3
37) BD18-01 The Fall Into Sin BD18-01 Word BD18-01 MP3
38) BD18-02 The Results of the Fall BD18-02 Word BD18-02 MP3
39) BD19-01 Pronouncement of Judgment, #1 BD19-01 Word BD19-01 MP3
40) BD19-02 Pronouncement of Judgment, #2 BD19-02 Word BD19-02 MP3
41) BD20-01 Pronouncement of Judgment, #3 BD20-01 Word BD20-01 MP3
42) BD20-02 Project Footstool BD20-02 Word BD20-02 MP3
43) BD21-01 The Demonic World BD21-01 Word BD21-01 MP3
44) BD21-02 Demonic Possession, #1 – Idolatry BD21-02 Word BD21-02 MP3
45) BD22-01 Demonic Possession, #2 – Sex BD22-01 Word BD22-01 MP3
46) BD22-02 Demonic Possession, #3 – Drugs BD22-02 Word BD22-02 MP3
47) BD23-01 Speaking With the Dead, #1 BD23-01 Word BD23-01 MP3
48) BD23-02 Speaking With the Dead, #2 BD23-02 Word BD23-02 MP3
49) BD24-01 Satan Tempts the God-Man BD24-01 Word BD24-01 MP3
Spiritual Gifts
50) BD24-02 The Background of Christian Service BD24-02 Word BD24-02 MP3
51) BD25-01 Spiritual Gifts – Preparation for Christian Service BD25-01 Word BD25-01 MP3
52) BD25-02 Spiritual Gifts and the Trinity BD25-02 Word BD25-02 MP3
53) BD26-01 The Permanent Spiritual Gifts BD26-01 Word BD26-01 MP3
54) BD26-02 Identifying and Using Spiritual Gifts BD26-02 Word BD26-02 MP3
55) BD27-01 Introduction to Temporary Spiritual Gifts BD27-01 Word BD27-01 MP3
56) BD27-02 The Gift of Miracles BD27-02 Word BD27-02 MP3
57) BD28-01 The Gift of Healing BD28-01 Word BD28-01 MP3
58) BD28-02 The Gift of Tongues, #1 BD28-02 Word BD28-02 MP3
59) BD29-01 The Gift of Tongues, #2 BD29-01 Word BD29-01 MP3
60) BD29-02 The Gift of Tongues, #3 BD29-02 Word BD29-02 MP3
61) BD30-01 The Gift of Tongues, #4 BD30-01 Word BD30-01 MP3
62) BD30-02 The Gift of Tongues, #5 BD30-02 Word BD30-02 MP3
63) BD31-01 The Gift of Tongues, #6 BD31-01 Word BD31-01 MP3
64) BD31-02 The Gift of Tongues, #7 BD31-02 Word BD31-02 MP3
65) BD32-01 The Gift of Tongues, #8 BD32-01 Word BD32-01 MP3
66) BD32-02 The Gift of Tongues, #9 BD32-02 Word BD32-02 MP3
67) BD33-01 The Grace Way of Giving, #1 BD33-01 Word BD33-01 MP3
68) BD33-02 The Grace Way of Giving, #2 BD33-02 Word BD33-02 MP3
69) BD34-01 The Grace Way of Giving, #3 BD34-01 Word BD34-01 MP3
70) BD34-02 The Grace Way of Giving, #4 BD34-02 Word BD34-02 MP3
71) BD35-01 The Grace Way of Giving, #5 BD35-01 Word BD35-01 MP3
72) BD35-02 The Grace Way of Giving, #6 BD35-02 Word BD35-02 MP3
73) BD36-01 The Grace Way of Giving, #7 BD36-01 Word BD36-01 MP3
74) BD36-02 The Grace Way of Giving, #8 BD36-02 Word BD36-02 MP3
75) BD37-01 The Grace Way of Giving, #9 BD37-01 Word BD37-01 MP3
76) BD37-02 The Grace Way of Giving, #10 BD37-02 Word BD37-02 MP3
The Bible Itself
77) BD38-01 The Origin of the Bible, #1 BD38-01 Word BD38-01 MP3
78) BD38-02 The Origin of the Bible, #2 BD38-02 Word BD38-02 MP3
79) BD39-01 The Bible into English BD39-01 Word BD39-01 MP3
80) BD39-02 The Bible and Higher Criticism BD39-02 Word BD39-02 MP3
81) BD40-01 The Basis of the Liberal View of the Bible BD40-01 Word BD40-01 MP3
82) BD40-02 The Bible and the Modern Mind BD40-02 Word BD40-02 MP3
83) BD41-01 Today’s New Theology and the Bible BD41-01 Word BD41-01 MP3
84) BD41-02 The Inspiration of the Bible, No. 1 BD41-02 Word BD41-02 MP3
85) BD42-01 The Inspiration of the Bible, No. 2 BD42-01 Word BD42-01 MP3
86) BD42-02 The Inerrancy of the Bible, #1 BD42-02 Word BD42-02 MP3
87) BD43-01 The Inerrancy of the Bible (Bible “Errors”,) #2 BD43-01 Word BD43-01 MP3
88) BD45-01 The Inerrancy of the Bible, #3 BD45-01 Word BD45-01 MP3
89) BD45-02 The Inerrancy of the Bible, #4 BD45-02 Word BD45-02 MP3
90) BD46-01 The Inerrancy of the Bible, #5 BD46-01 Word BD46-01 MP3
91) BD46-02 The Inerrancy of the Bible, #6 BD46-02 Word BD46-02 MP3
92) BD43-02 The Canon of Scripture, #1 BD43-02 Word BD43-02 MP3
93) BD44-01 The Canon of Scripture, #2 BD44-01 Word BD44-01 MP3
94) BD44-02 The Canon of Scripture, #3 BD44-02 Word BD44-02 MP3
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Unborn Black Lives Matter

Black Lives Matter–All black lives.  As a result of this fact, we can also conclude that “Unborn Black Lives Matter.” says, “According to 2010 census data, African-Americans make up 12.6% of the U.S. population but the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reports that black women accounted for 35.4% of all abortions in 2009.”

The Alan Guttmacher Institute reports that black women are more than 5 times as likely as white women to have an abortion.  An average of 1,876 black babies are aborted every day in the United States. says, “This incidence of abortion has resulted in a tremendous loss of life. It has been estimated that since 1973 Black women have had about 16 million abortions. Michael Novak had calculated “Since the number of current living Blacks (in the U.S.) is 36 million, the missing 16 million represents an enormous loss, for without abortion, America’s Black community would now number 52 million persons. It would be 36 percent larger than it is. Abortion has swept through the Black community like a scythe, cutting down every fourth member.”

Erma Clardy Craven (deceased), Social Worker and Civil Rights Leader said, “Several years ago, when 17,000 aborted babies were found in a dumpster outside a pathology laboratory in Los, Angeles, California, some 12-15,000 were observed to be black.”


Since 1973, for every African-American that has died due to violent crimes, 42 totally innocent African-Americans have died from abortion.  The African-American community, and everyone else, should be revolted by this latest civil rights issue.

Alveda C. King, daughter of slain civil-rights leader A.D. King and niece of Martin Luther King, Jr., writes:  “[Martin Luther King, Jr.] once said, ‘The Negro cannot win as long as he is willing to sacrifice the lives of his children for comfort and safety.’ How can the ‘Dream’ survive if we murder the children? Every aborted baby is like a slave in the womb of his or her mother. The mother decides his or her fate.”

Why do Unborn Black Lives Matter?  Because we have killed 30% of the African-American population through legalized abortion.

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Does God Forgive Having an Abortion?

A reader asked:  I am a sinner, will god ever forgive me?  I don’t know where to begin and ask god for forgiveness and I’m not sure whether to ask for forgiveness or not, I am a lost soul, the holy spirit has left me, I pray but it seems like my prayer doesn’t go anywhere and that god doesn’t hear me nor my prayer. I had an abortion.

Yes, God will forgive you.  You need only to confess your sin to him as indicated in 1 John 1:9.

We become Christians by believing in Jesus Christ as Savior, knowing that His death on the cross saved us from all sin (Romans 3:23, Romans 6:23, John 3:16).  God then forgives us in our ETERNAL state.  Then, in our daily walk as Christians, when we continue to sin, we confess those sins to God, and he forgives us in our TEMPORAL state.

I too have felt like you do from time to time.  I continue to sin, and I know that I have failed God.  I also sometimes feel like God is not hearing my prayers.  However, His word teaches that we simply need to confess our sins.  He forgives us and we can start anew.  He forgives and FORGETS those sins that we have confessed, and we don’t ever need to confess that occurrence of that sin again.  No matter what we have done, we simply  confess it to God.  We then know that He has forgiven us, and since He will never look back upon that sin again, neither should we.  I sometimes even pray that God will help me to forget things, and I believe that He does.

Once we become Christians, the Holy Spirit never leaves us, although we can still feel a loneliness due to our sin.  The Bible teaches the doctrine of eternal security.  In Philippians 2:14, the reference to becoming “children of God” suggests the type of relationship that Christians have with God.  They are His children–his sons and daughters. Furthermore, just as we are naturally born as a product of our human fathers, we are spiritually born as a product of God the Father and His grace. In both cases, the birth establishes a relationship which can never be altered. One cannot undo a physical birth, so neither can he undo a spiritual birth. The eternal security of the believer is thus demonstrated by this analogy of children. Furthermore, Hebrews 13:5 says, “… Never will I leave you; never will I forsake you.”

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Does the Bible Forbid Drinking?


A reader asked:  Where in the Bible does it say not to drink alcohol? 

It’s an interesting question.  I’ve addressed it in my article Is Drinking a Sin? and here are the highlights:

There are three passages in the Bible that suggest abstinence from all alcoholic beverages. The first is in Proverbs 31:4-5 where “kings” are forbidden to drink because their judgment would be impaired. In those days of monarchies, kings were the ultimate court judges, like one-man supreme courts. The Bible said that they shouldn’t drink because of the important decisions they were expected to make. In the same way, who among us today is not responsible for decision-making to some degree, and unsure when he might have to make a decision?

The second reference suggesting abstinence is 1 Peter 4:7 which tells us that, since the end is near, we should stay sober and clear-minded so that we can pray. How many drinks does it take to distort one’s thinking? Isn’t the mind-altering effect of alcohol one of the major motivations for most drinking?

The third reference is Romans 14:21 where we are charged not to drink if it offends someone else or bruises their spiritual confidence. Even if a Christian has personally searched the Scriptures and decided that he is not violating God’s Word by drinking, he may still choose to abstain to keep a fellow Christian from stumbling; who may not have the same level of understanding. This is where one must be accountable for what he believes and how he interprets scripture. This is one reason why daily Bible study is so important.

Furthermore, the Bible explicitly forbids drunkenness in Ephesians 5:18 and 1 Corinthians 6:10.

However, on the other hand, Jesus partook of wine (Luke 22:20), and He even miraculously turned water into wine (John 2:1-11).  We also know that Jesus never sinned, so how could it be wrong to drink?  One could argue that none of the above passages explicitly says that Christians must not drink. In fact, some passages even appear to be imperatives to indulge. Consider the following examples:

Proverbs 31:6-7 is directed toward the distraught: “Give beer to those who are perishing, wine to those who are in anguish; let them drink and forget their poverty and remember their misery no more.”

1 Timothy 5:23 is a comment by Paul to Timothy: “Stop drinking only water, and use a little wine because of your stomach and your frequent illnesses.”

In 1 Corinthians 11:22, Paul tells the believers at Corinth that if they choose to drink, they should do it at home rather than at a church service, implying that this would be acceptable.


Of the six passages referenced above, the former three lean toward abstinence, especially for leaders, and the latter three lean toward indulgence, especially for the distraught. Either way, drunkenness is forbidden. If you’re a Christian drinker, you probably emphasize Proverbs 31:6-7 and 1 Timothy 5:23. If you’re a Christian abstainer, you probably prefer Proverbs 31:4-5 and 1 Peter 4:7.

The deciding factors, however, are the mind-altering effects and the long-term health risks of alcohol (Romans 12:1). If one drinks in moderation without altering his thinking capability to the extent that it affects his decision making, and his drinking doesn’t present a long-term health risk in his particular case, then he has not violated the Scriptures. If he experiences mind-altering effects when he drinks, so that his decision making rationale is impaired, he has violated Scripture.

Regardless, we are each accountable for ourselves. In general, a person’s drinking is between him and God. Of course, there can be extenuating circumstances when intervention is required and / or if that person is doing harm to others. However, in most cases, it is nobody else’s business unless that person seek help (1 Timothy 4:11). To be sure, there are many who place too much emphasis on this issue simply because they’re not minding their own business. Too often, the pious abstainer may be displeasing to God by his Pharisaic pride than the indulger is by his drinking.

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Debating Mormonism

A reader asked:  My boss, who is LDS (Mormon), and I have frequent discussions about Biblical matters.  I was saved by God’s grace out of Mormonism so we’ve had some very interesting conversations (to say the least).  Today, my boss asked me this question:  “Luke is quite emphatic that Stephen saw God with Jesus.  If God is without substance, what did Stephen see?”  Then, he followed with this statement:  “Further, if Stephen didn’t see God with Jesus, then Luke’s account is incorrect.  Luke is advocating false doctrine, and the Bible is far from inerrant.  I would presume that Luke was sincere in his belief that Stephen saw God.”  I know in Whom I believe and I trust the Bible completely.  However, my boss is a retired attorney and he asks questions and make statements like the above for which I’m unable to give a succinct reply.  I’m just not able to put what I believe into words of explanation.  Can you, PLEASE, help me with a reply that will make sense to my employer?

I believe that one of the best translations to study for this passage is the New American Standard,  which describes what Stephen saw as:

“… the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God.” (Acts 7:55b)

An even more accurate translation is:  “… the glory of God, even Jesus standing at the right hand of God.”

Yes, Stephen was given the unique privilege of seeing God.  However, technically, this passage does not say that he “saw God;” i.e., it doesn’t say that he saw God, the Father (the first person of the Godhead).  It says that he saw “the glory of God,” and he saw this glory of God through Jesus Christ.  In other words, by seeing Jesus Christ, he saw the glory of God, because Jesus is God; i.e., He is the second person of the Godhead (although your Mormon friends may have trouble with this interpretation).

Your boss’s assumption, “… if God is without substance…” may need closer examination as well.  John 4:24 does indeed say that, ” God is spirit.”  If this does mean that God is without substance, then the above explanation still holds, since Stephen saw “the glory of God.”  Still, we must be careful with this assumption.  For example, Jesus is God, and Jesus has a body, so technically, God (i.e., Jesus, the second person of the Godhead) does indeed have a body (even if God the Father, the first person of the Godhead) does not have a body.  Even by this, the above explanation still stands.

Furthermore, we must be careful with any assumptions of what it is like to see things in eternity.  In our mortal bodies, we simply cannot understand the eternal things of God which are beyond time and space.  Perhaps it was difficult for Luke to describe exactly what Stephen saw.  Luke, in his physical body, may not have understood the things that Stephen saw in his unique opportunity, just before death (i.e., entering into the very presence of God).

Still, with any of these reasonable explanations, it is still a fact that Luke is not advocating false doctrine, and that the Bible (in its original manuscripts) is indeed inerrant.  God, for whatever reason, has given you the challenge of defending your faith to a Mormon who is intelligent and articulate, and an experienced debater–one who is probably capable of twisting his opponents words and thoughts for the purpose of confusion.  I can only encourage you in this awesome task.

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What is God’s Purpose, and Ours?

Our Purpose

A reader asked:  I researched the ‘first cause’ by Thomas Aquinas, and found it to be wanting of a very important nature, purpose.  We are all taught that God created us for only one purpose… to worship him… to do his bidding and his will… and if we don’t we get punished for all eternity.  God is a dictator… not a loving creator.  Because even though we have free will, God doesn’t say that’s O.K. He says that if we don’t conduct our behavior according to his will, we will be punished.  The bible also says that God loves us more than our parents do. That is not true.  If we go against our parents’ wishes, they do not punish us for all eternity. Good parents tell their children that they should do as their hearts tell them to. That is real love.  Everything that God created, he created for a purpose.  Yet what purpose did God have before he created the angels?

My perspective is somewhat different than yours, but I hope that I can shed some light on these issues, and maybe we can learn from each other.

I believe that our purpose is to glorify God.  We are a part of His Creation, so everything we do must please Him and bring Him glory–our obedience, our trust, our conduct, etc.  (Romans 15:6, 2 Corinthians 5:9).  Please see my article on Pleasing God.

We all have the sinful nature of the flesh.  We each have sinned, both by committing personal sins and by the imputation of sin from Adam (Romans 5:14-10):  Imputation.  Yet, since God cannot coexist with sin, there’s nothing that we can do to deserve eternal life in God’s presence, so we have a dilemma.  Only God can do anything about this, and He would have been perfectly justified to let us all die in our sins and to separate Himself from us for all of eternity.  However, in His love, He instituted a system of grace to solve this problem for us.  All we have to do is to believe and trust Him for eternal salvation (John 3:16).

If God is a dictator, then He is a benevolent one.  I must simply disagree with you because I believe that God is a loving creator (1 John 4:8, 16).  Yes, we have free will, but it is a limited free will (Predestination).  God loves us so much that it is only by His plan of grace that there is a solution to our problem.  Ephesians 2:4-6 says, “But God, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved), and raised us up with Him, and seated us with Him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus.”

God does indeed love us more than our parents love us.  He loved us so much that He sacrificed His own son Jesus Christ for us (John 3:16, Romans 5:5), so that all we have to do is to believe Him for our eternal salvation.  (Who among us would be willing to sacrifice our own child for others?)  God imputes all of our sin onto Jesus Christ who died for our sins and was resurrected for our eternal life.  Christ took the punishment for our sin, if we only believe in Him, so God can now look at each of us believers as being sinless.

Again I disagree where you said, “Good parents tell their children that they should do as their hearts tell them to.”  Good parents tell their children that they should glorify and obey God; and, that until they’re old enough to thoroughly understand this, they should obey their parents.

Unfortunately, the Bible does not tell us about God’s purpose before He created the angels.  Remember that God is an eternal being, so He is not limited by words such as “before” and “after.”  Eternity transcends time and space, so these are not boundaries for God, although we (in our physical being) cannot fully understand these concepts.  We can simply be assured that since God created everything, then the purpose of everything including us and the angels) has always been to glorify Him, and this will always be so.

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