Does the Bible Imply That the Earth is Circular?
Isaiah 40:22 says that God “sits enthroned above the circle of the earth…” If you or I were sitting above the earth and looking down upon it, it certainly would appear to be circular, just as astronauts have viewed it from space; i.e., from afar, a three-dimensional sphere has a two-dimensional circular appearance until one gets close enough to have some depth perception. So, “circular” does not deny “spherical.” Genesis 1:18 says that God made the sun and the moon “to govern the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness.” I see no contradiction of this passage with what science now knows.
Job 1:7 says that Satan was “roaming throughout the earth, going back and forth on it.” Again, I see nothing here that contradicts science. Certainly, I can walk “back and forth” in my office, but this suggests no implication as to the shape of the earth.